Renting in Spain, leasing or renting is a contract whereby a natural or legal person undertakes to use or enjoy the use of another person’s real estate in exchange for a certain and determined price. The lease contract can be verbal or written and usually has a fixed duration.
Before investing in the property you should:
- Study which type of lease is best for you.
- Identify the competitive advantages of the property in question: location, and characteristics.
- Profitability: Depending on the type of rental you choose, you can get more profitability, although you also have to evaluate the expenses and the management time it may take you.
Think about what type of lease is right for you before you invest. 🤔💭
It is important to think about which type of lease is right for your investment before you invest. Each type of lease has its pros and cons, so it is important to weigh the options carefully before making a decision.
Below, we present the main types of leasing that exist in Spain.
Find out about the different types of rentals in Spain
Leasing in Spain can be classified in various ways, depending on the type of property, the owner and the tenant. Here are the different types of rentals in Spain:
1.- Leases for residential use 🏠🔑
In Spain, a long-term lease, also known as arrendamiento, is a contract between a landlord (arrendador) and a tenant (arrendatario) for the use of a property for a period of time that is typically longer than one year. This type of lease is governed by the Spanish Civil Code and the Urban Leases Law (Ley de Arrendamientos Urbanos).
According to Spanish legislation, the following conditions must be met for a long-term lease to be valid:
- The property must be intended for habitation purposes.
- The duration of the lease shall be freely agreed upon by the parties. If this is less than five years, or less than seven years if the lessor is a legal person, on the day of expiry of the contract, it shall be compulsorily extended by annual installments until the lease reaches a minimum duration of five years, or seven years if the lessor is a legal person.
- The tenant must pay a security deposit, typically equal to one or two months’ rent, to cover any potential damages to the property.
- The landlord is responsible for maintaining the property and ensuring it is fit for habitation, while the tenant is responsible for paying utility bills and taking care of the property.
In Spain, rentals in Spain and more specifically long-term leases are subject to strict regulations to protect the rights of both the landlord and the tenant. In case of a dispute, the Spanish courts can intervene to enforce the terms of the lease agreement.
2.- Leases for use other than as dwellings 🏢🔑
– Seasonal leases:🌞
In Spain, a seasonal lease, also known as an arrendamiento temporal, is a type of rental agreement where a property is rented out for a specific period of time, typically covering the high tourist season. This type of lease is similar to a vacation rental, but is intended for a longer rental period and is typically for a few months rather than just a few weeks.
The main difference between a seasonal lease and a vacation rental in Spain is the length of the rental period. Vacation rentals in Spain are intended for short-term stays, usually ranging from a few days to a few weeks, while seasonal leases are intended for a longer rental period, typically lasting a few months.
Both types of leases are subject to Spanish law and the conditions outlined in the rental agreement. The rental agreement should include details such as the rental amount, payment terms, security deposit, and maintenance responsibilities. The landlord is responsible for maintaining the property and ensuring it is fit for habitation, while the tenant is responsible for paying utility bills and taking care of the property during their stay.
In Spain, seasonal leases and vacation rentals in Spain may be subject to tourist taxes, which are collected by the local government. Landlords must also comply with health and safety regulations to ensure the property is safe for tenants. If a dispute arises, the Spanish courts can intervene to enforce the terms of the rental agreement.
– Leasing of rooms: 🛌
The leasing of rooms in Spain, also known as alquiler de habitaciones, refers to the rental of individual rooms within a larger property, such as a house or apartment, to tenants on a temporary or long-term basis. This type of rental arrangement is common in Spain and is used by both tourists and residents as a more affordable alternative to renting a whole property.
Leasing of rooms in Spain is legal as long as it complies with the relevant laws and regulations.
– Touristic rental: 🏖️
A vacation rental, also known as an alquiler vacacional in Spain, is a type of rental agreement where a property is rented out for a short-term stay, typically ranging from a few days to a few weeks. It is intended for tourists and is a popular option for those looking for a temporary home away from home.
In Spain, vacation rentals in Spain are determined by specific regulations of each Autonomous Community. Thus, each region establishes a concept of what is understood by tourist accommodation.
The following conditions must be met for a vacation rental to be valid:
- The property must be intended for tourist use and must be equipped with the necessary services and amenities.
- The rental period must be for a short-term, typically ranging from a few days to a few weeks.
- Marketed or promoted on tourism supply channels. Normally platforms whose purpose is to offer accommodation for tourism purposes.
- Carried out for profit.
Taxes for vacation rentals 💰🌴
In Spain, vacation rentals in Spain are subject to tourist taxes, which are collected by the local government. Landlords must also comply with health and safety regulations to ensure the property is safe for tenants.
The profit that can be made from investing in a property for a vacation rental in Spain will depend on various factors such as the location of the property, the rental market conditions, the demand for vacation rentals in Spain in the area, the property’s size, amenities, and overall condition, and the operating expenses associated with the property.
As a rough estimate, some property owners in Spain have reported earning anywhere from 4-10% of their property’s value in annual rental income. However, this can vary greatly based on the factors mentioned above and it is important to consider all of these factors when evaluating the potential profit from investing in a vacation rental property in Spain.
It is also important to keep in mind that there are various costs associated with operating a vacation rental property, such as property maintenance and repair, utilities, marketing and advertising, and property management fees. These costs can impact the overall profitability of the property, so it is important to carefully evaluate all costs associated with the property and factor these into any financial projections.
In general, investing in a vacation rental property in Spain can be a lucrative investment, but it is important to do thorough research, consult with real estate professionals, and carefully evaluate all costs and risks associated with the investment before making any decisions.
– Commercial lease: 🏢
A commercial lease in Spain refers to a rental agreement for a commercial property, such as a retail store, office space, or warehouse. The commercial lease agreement outlines the terms and conditions for the rental of the property, including the rental amount, payment terms, duration of the lease, and the responsibilities of the landlord and tenant.
In Spain, commercial leases are governed by the Spanish Lease Act of 1994. This law sets out the rights and obligations of landlords and tenants in commercial lease arrangements and provides a framework for the negotiation and execution of commercial lease agreements.
Commercial leases in Spain can be either long-term or short-term and may be subject to specific regulations, such as the requirement to register the lease with the local property registry
Best areas to invest in Spain depending on the type of lease 📍🇪🇸
The best areas to invest in Spain for rental properties depend on the type of rental and the specific investment goals. Here are some examples:
– Short-term vacation rentals: ⛱
Some of the best areas for short-term vacation rentals in Spain are popular tourist destinations such as Barcelona, Madrid, Valencia, Valladolid, the Costa del Sol, the Balearic Islands, and the Canary Islands. These areas have a high demand for short-term rentals, particularly during peak tourism seasons.
– Long-term rentals: 🏙
If you are looking to invest in a long-term rental property in Spain, areas with a high demand for rental housing may be a good option. Cities such as Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, and Seville have large populations and high demand for rental properties, particularly in central areas close to public transportation and amenities.
– Student rentals: 📚
University cities such as Madrid, Barcelona, Granada, Salamanca, and Valencia have a high demand for student rentals, particularly near universities and colleges. These areas often have a high occupancy rate and stable rental income.
– Retirement rentals: 👴🏻👵🏼
Areas with a high population of retirees, such as the Costa Blanca, the Costa del Sol, and the Balearic Islands, may be a good option for investing in retirement rentals. These areas have a high demand for long-term rentals in Spain and can provide a stable rental income.
Overall, it’s important to research each area thoroughly, considering factors such as rental demand, rental prices, property prices, and local regulations before making any investment decisions.
– Commercial rentals: 🛍
The best areas for investing in commercial properties in Spain can vary depending on the specific type of commercial property and the investment goals. Here are some examples of areas to consider for different types of commercial properties:
- Retail properties: Retail properties such as shopping centers, high street stores, and department stores can be good investments in large cities like Madrid and Barcelona, where there is a high demand for shopping and entertainment. The Salamanca and Chamberi districts of Madrid and the Eixample and Gracia neighborhoods of Barcelona are particularly popular areas for retail properties.
- Office buildings: Investing in office buildings in central business districts (CBD) of large cities like Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, and Seville can be a good option for investors. The CBD areas of these cities have a high demand for office space, and they can provide a stable rental income for investors.
- Industrial properties: Cities with a strong manufacturing and logistics industry, such as Barcelona, Valencia, and Zaragoza, are good options for investing in industrial properties. These areas have a high demand for warehouses, logistics centers, and other industrial properties, which can provide a stable rental income.
- Hospitality properties: Areas with a high demand for tourism, such as the Costa del Sol, the Balearic Islands, and the Canary Islands, can be good options for investing in hospitality properties such as hotels and resorts. These areas have a strong tourism industry and can provide a high return on investment during peak tourism seasons.
As with any investment, it’s important to conduct thorough research on the local market, regulations, and other factors before making any investment decisions.
Using a lawyer for assistance with rental agreements can be beneficial in several ways:
- Legal knowledge: Lawyers have a deep understanding of the law and can provide guidance on the legal requirements and obligations associated with rental agreements, including the rights and responsibilities of landlords and tenants.
- Protection of rights: Lawyers can help ensure that rental agreements are fair and equitable for both landlords and tenants, and protect the rights of each party. They can help draft rental agreements that clearly outline the terms and conditions of the tenancy, including rent, security deposit, maintenance responsibilities, and termination procedures.
- Avoid disputes: Lawyers can help prevent disputes between landlords and tenants by drafting clear and enforceable rental agreements that set out the expectations and obligations of each party.
- Conflict resolution: In the event of a dispute, lawyers can provide legal representation and negotiate a resolution on behalf of their clients. They can also assist in the resolution of disputes through alternative dispute resolution methods such as mediation or arbitration.
- Compliance with regulations: Lawyers are knowledgeable about local, state, and federal laws and regulations related to rental properties and can help ensure that rental agreements comply with these regulations.
Overall, using a lawyer for assistance with rental agreements can provide peace of mind and help protect the rights and interests of landlords and tenants. It is important to seek the advice of a qualified lawyer when entering into a rental agreement, to ensure that the agreement is fair, enforceable, and complies with all relevant laws and regulations.